Upon request , we will add abbreviations for online-only law reviews. This list does not include Bluebook abbreviations for periodicals that have changed titles, ceased or are no longer indexed in CILP. Quick Links. Administrative Law Review Admin. Akron Law Review Akron L. Alabama Law Review Ala.
As discussed in an earlier postthe four law journals that publish The Bluebook hold registered trademarks in three variations of that name. It is customary to list indigo as a color lying between blue and violet, but it has never seemed to me that indigo is worth the dignity of being considered a separate color.
To my eyes it seems merely deep blue. The Bluebook is published by four law journals and commands the allegiance of nearly all law student-edited reviews in the country.
It, too, has saved space and maintenance burden by limiting itself to U.
General Rules of Style: Abbreviations, 15 Fla. St. U. L. tutionality of punitive damages in Aetna Life Insurance Co. v. Otherwise follow Bluebook Rule . the same reasons neither The Bluebook nor the ALWD Citation Manual is a good primer. Like proper "rule" or abbreviation in the pages of one manual or the other. Instead, this Wolf Ins. Agency, [Insurance] Auto. L. Rep. Required Abbreviations for Case Names In Citations; T Baby Blue isn't the same as the Bluebook, but it does implement the same Uniform System of Citation that Fire & Casualty Cases—see Insurance Law Reports.
Even so, powerful network effects have limited its market share. For The Bluebook is not merely manifest in the format of the citations it enables journal editors, legal academics, lawyers, and legal assistants to produce.
It also represents a matrix of rule numbers and tables that facilitates communication about and resolution of citation issues. Biblical exegesis is characterized by reference to chapter and verse. Other derivative work possibilities abound. Bar groups or court systems may well be tempted to prepare citation manuals adapted to state-specific citation requirements and norms.
All of this is to be hoped for. As the author of a free citation reference, now in its twenty-third yearI welcome The Indigo Book and all its future progeny. Hat tip to the team responsible for Blueline http: CiteRite would scan a brief for citations and generate a report enumerating all failures to conform to Bluebook format. In short order, Jurisoft was acquired by the parent company of Lexis. All you have to do with FullAuthority is tell it the name of the text file on your computer that contains the legal citations.
It will zip through your document, tracking each legal citation like a bloodhound. When it has rounded them all up, it will organize them into groups. These groups may include cases with separate categories for state and federal casesstatutes with separate categories for state and federal statutes and other authorities.
In the early s both major online providers were moving toward hyperlinking some of the citations that appeared in their collections of judicial opinions, which, of course, required them and all subsequent competitors to have sophisticated inhouse tools for identifying and manipulating citations. Today, that package, like the comparable Drafting Assistant from Westlawperforms cite-checking, quote-checking, and citation linking in addition to format review and table of authorities compilation.
Michigan, and New York. They were reviewed in an earlier post. Citation tools operating outside and apart from Westlaw and Lexis continued to appear. Now along comes Blueline.
And so it is within the universe of academic law journals. Complex though it may be, to the extent that the citations in U. To the chagrin of those attempting to construct citation-identifying algorithms, however, courts in the fifty U. Often they are focused narrowly on the legal authorities most frequently cited in cases coming before them. The U. How does The Bluebook address the resulting lack of uniformity? Its Rule Not so long as its citation rules remain stuck in print-era conventions.
Decided this past January, the decision only later received volume number and pagination in the National Reporter System. Yet The Bluebook directs the passage in question be cited by the latter formula unnecessary, delayed, and less exact.
Page numbers can even yield ambiguous results. McCannF. Sci Management Corp. No citation parser can establish the identity of those references or match any of them to a non-proprietary version of the case. Situated as it is in the academy, a domain handsomely served by the major commercial systems, The Bluebook fails to address this problem adequately, and its deference to the commercial sector leads to a strong bias in favor of publisher-specific citations. It merely specified how to report their removal.
There is no ban on its use. Added to 5. See id. The Opinion, supra note 3, at 6 quoting ChaneyU. Had this note been prepared and published under the twentieth edition, the parentheticals appended to notes 24, 26, and 28 would be gone. Observe that the passage appearing in clause 3 includes internal quotation marks. The retained marks appear in the quoted Chaney passage and are attributed in it to a D.
Bluebook Rule For example, in Lujan v. Defenders of WildlifeU.
LittletonU. However, this is judicial writing, not a journal article. Indeed, space is sacrificed and the word count increased if that trimming compels the author to add a four word parenthetical phrase. That suggests, at minimum, lawyers not be influenced by the judicial practice of occasionally removing internal quotation marks from quotes that rest within longer ones, no matter the ultimate source.
benefit claims under the Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security Income Rule (a) of The Bluebook calls for a C.F.R. citation to include the year of . They include such matters as case name abbreviations, the. Bluebook Abbreviations of Law Reviews & Legal Periodicals Indexed in CILP Connecticut Insurance Law Journal Connecticut Journal of International Law. Set out below is a table of words and their abbreviations with links to examples. It is a composite of those contained in The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation. . Entertainment, Entm't, «e.g.», Insurance, Ins. «e.g.». Environment.
Those were: Henceforward, all who follow its mandate must cite:. Why make the change? This latest edition is the first, in my memory, to substitute new abbreviations for established ones.
A failure to proofread? For those operating within the universe of law journal publication such arbitrary changes may be hard to resist. The latest edition of Introduction to Basic Legal Citation is now online at: As is true every year, the tables and pages identifying and illustrating jurisdiction-specific citation norms for cases, statutes, and regulations have been carefully audited and, where necessary, updated.
Prior to publication of the new Bluebooklaw journals, lawyers, and judges were in pretty close agreement on how to cite a Restatement section e.
Journals put the titles in large and small caps. Furthermore, consistent with their treatment of other static material, many lawyers and judges left off the date element. See The Bluebook R.
Revised rule Law Inst. To what end? It furnishes no rationale. Their identities furnish a clue. Law School from Had the proposed change been floated for public comment, it probably would not have survived.
Will the change stick? Most if not all law journals will blindly implement the revision. Will lawyers and judges comply? Most legal research in the U. A pervasive issue is whether a citation ought specify the source relied upon by the author or whether instead a generic citation, adequate to retrieve the cited work from all widely used sources, will suffice.
A fair reading of The Bluebook 20th ed. McIverN. The twentieth edition, like the nineteenth, appears to accept generic case citations. Generic citations to a constitution or statutory provision are a different matter. Presumably, one can be working from the U. In contrast, rule Supreme Court or U.
Blue book abbreviation for insurance
Copyright Act they refer to them by U. The odds are very high that the source relied upon by the judges or their clerks was Westlaw. That being the case The Bluebook rule Its position on law journal articles appears, at first, to be stated in similarly unequivocal terms.
But rule The relationship between rule In all likelihood this is a case where the specific the mandate concerning statutes, for example is intended to prevail over the more general rule.
What is critical is that the source be reliably accurate and that it contain the accepted units of citation for the cited work, whether page, section, or paragraph numbers, and not that it look and behave like print. On its face that would rule out all the online services that enhance decisions and statutes with parallel citations and other editorial tampering.
Presumably, they intend these different formats to be viewed as interchangeable. Citing Legally Occasional observations concerning the citation of legal authorities by lawyers and judges.
Versus e-CFR and its Progeny? January 18, The changes took effect on March Chronological Version as Distinguished from Source A. Monday, December 4th, I. The Addition of New or Amended Provisions The same question is posed less starkly each time a new statute of general and permanent applicability becomes law. United States Code edition The next edition to appear will carry a date, but it will not be produced and delivered until well into and What Do the Leading Manuals Say?
Indicating Chronological Version as Distinguished from Source When Congress has injected new law into a positive law title of the Code or passed new law that the Office of Law Revision Counsel has compiled into one of the non-positive law titles and when the OLRC has gathered existing statutes into a new title, it is critical that a U.
In legal education The Bluebook is published by four law journals and commands the allegiance of nearly all law student-edited reviews in the country. Henceforward, all who follow its mandate must cite: City of Columbia v. Housing Hous. I Import[er, ation] Imp.
Incorporated Inc. Indemnity Indem. Independent Indep. Industr[y, ies, ial] Indus. Information Info. Institut[e, ion] Inst. Insurance Ins. International Int'l Investment Inv. J K L Laboratory Lab. Liability Liab. Limited Ltd. Litigation Litig. M Machine[ry] Mach. Maintenance Maint. Management Mgmt.
Manufacturer Mfr. Manufacturing Mfg. Maritime Mar.
Bluebook Abbreviations of Law Reviews & Legal Periodicals Indexed in CILP
Market Mkt. Marketing Mktg. Mechanic[al] Mech. Medic[al, ine] Med. Memorial Mem'l Merchan[t, dise, dising] Merch. Metropolitan Metro. Municipal Mun. Mutual Mut. N National Nat'l North[ern] N. Northeast[ern] Ne. Northwest[ern] Nw. Number No. O Organiz[ation, ing] Org. P Pacific Pac. Partnership P'ship Person[al, nel] Pers.
Pharmaceutic[s, al] Pharm. Preserv[e, ation] Pres.
Abbreviation of the name of the source; and. ? Abbreviation Example. Type . Health and Safety. Health & Safety Code. Cal Health & Saf Code. Insurance. Insurance, Ins. International, Int'l. Investment, Inv. J. K. L. Laboratory, Lab. Liability , Liab. Limited, Ltd. Litigation, Litig. M. Machine[ry], Mach. Maintenance, Maint. This list does not include Bluebook abbreviations for periodicals that have changed titles, ceased or are no longer . Connecticut Insurance Law Journal, Conn.
Probation Prob. Product[ion] Prod. Professional Prof'l Property Prop.14 FI-Law and Commerce
Protection Prot. Public Pub. Railway Ry. Refining Ref. Regional Reg'l Rehabilitation Rehab. Reproduct[ion, ive] Reprod. Resource[s] Res. Restaurant Rest. Retirement Ret. Road Rd. S Savings Sav. School[s] Sch. Science Sci. Secretary Sec'y Securit[y, ies] Sec.
Service Serv. Shareholder S'holder Social Soc. Society Soc'y South[ern] S. Southwest[ern] Sw. Steamship[s] S. Street St.
Subcommittee Subcomm. Surety Sur. System[s] Sys. T Technology Tech. Telecommunication Telecomm.